## how to add sine and cosine in python code

Explaining what this post is about
I was recently online and providing help to a fellow python coder, and a query came up about how you would rewrite some code that had included the sine function  and the cosine function

We were asked to see if we could translate this code:

```L_1=1;
L_2=1.5;
q_0=0.5;
q_1=pi()/4;
q_2=pi()/6;
%Position of the end effetor
x= q_0+L_1*cos(q_1)-L_2*cos(pi()-q_1-q_2)
y=L_1*sin(q_1)+L_2*sin(pi()-q_1-q_2)```

into its python equivalent.

## Some background about the output

In order to get the desired result, there is a need to import a package to provide some of the mathematical analysis required, and was achieved through using Numpy statistical analysis

This package allows the following functions to be used in the logic:

• Pi
• Cosine
• Sine

### And the result is

As a result, the below shows the output of the above question converted to its Python equivalent:

```import numpy as np

a= np.pi
print("PI value is ", a)

L_1=1
L_2=1.5
q_0=0.5
q_1=a/4
q_2=a/6

print("L_1 value is",L_1)
print("L_2 value is",L_2)
print("q_0 value is",q_0)
print("q_1 value is",q_1)
print("q_2 value is",q_2)

x= (q_0+(L_1*(np.cos(q_1)))-(L_2*(np.cos(a-q_1-q_2))))
y= (L_1*(np.sin(q_1))+(L_2*(np.sin(a-q_1-q_2))))

print("x value is " , x)
print("y value is " , y)```

with its output showing:

```PI value is  3.141592653589793
L_1 value is 1
L_2 value is 1.5
q_0 value is 0.5
q_1 value is 0.7853981633974483
q_2 value is 0.5235987755982988
0.7071067811865476
-0.25881904510252085
x value is  1.5953353488403288
y value is  2.15599552062015```

## Python Tutorial: Add a column to a data frame

You have learnt addition, now learn how to add a column to a data frame!

In our last post on what are Python data frames, we introduced the concept,  but are you now searching how to add a column to a data frame?

To start, I was working away and wondering how I could accomplish this, as there were many posts about it.

Searching through the jungles of website articles, some topics of interest that gave me ideas whereas follows:
(A)List comprehension
(B) Lambda
(C) Numpy

## Having tested the waters to see how you can approach:

After working through the above to:

• Figure out how to use them.
• Write some code to see how it all comes together.

The best thing to do was to put code into action!

Python for beginners or advanced programmers does not have to be hard!

Remember to subscribe to our channel if you like what we do!

### Support is on the way:

TutorialsPoint is an excellent resource if looking to understand some other examples see this post here: TutorialsPoint: Add Column

To see a related post on how to hide a column from a data frame look no further How to hide a column from a data frame

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