How to Create an XML file from Excel using Python

Estimated reading time: 3 minutes

Are you working on a data analytics project where you need to feed your data to a location that is able to process an XML file?

The ability to get your data into a structured format like XML has many benefits:

(A) You can transfer the data to a web service for processing.

(B) Multiple different formats of your raw data can be standardised, enabling quick conversion and processing.

(C) XML files can be read by multiple different programs, as long as you deliver them in the correct format.

(D) The receiver of data can easily read the XML file and store it on their database.

The ability to use this method to read and transfer data is a very powerful way to help a data analyst process large data sets.

In fact, if you are using cloud-based applications to analyse the information you are storing, this will quickly enable you to deliver the data.

What packages do I need in Python?

The first step is to import the following:

import pandas as pd
from lxml import etree as et

Next we want to read in the source data

In this instance, we are reading an excel file

raw_data = pd.read_excel(r'Link to where your data is stored including the full file name')

Now we want to start building the XML structure

The FIRST STEP is to define the root

root = et.Element('root')

The root is the parent of all the data items (tags) contained in the XML file and is needed as part of the structure

The SECOND STEP is to define the tag names that will store each row of the source data

for row in raw_data.iterrows(): ==> This is a loop that takes runs through each record and populates for each tag.
    root_tags = et.SubElement(root, 'ExportData') #=== > Root name
# These are the tag names for each row (SECTION 1)
    Column_heading_1 = et.SubElement(root_tags, 'Name')
    Column_heading_2 = et.SubElement(root_tags, 'Area')
    Column_heading_3 = et.SubElement(root_tags, 'NoPurchases')
    Column_heading_4 = et.SubElement(root_tags, 'Active')

###These are the values that will be populated for each row above
# The values inside the [] are the raw file column headings.(SECTION 2)
    Column_heading_1.text = str(row[1]['Name'])
    Column_heading_2.text = str(row[1]['Area'])
    Column_heading_3.text = str(row[1]['No Purchases'])
    Column_heading_4.text = str(row[1]['Active'])

The raw file looks like this:

NameAreaNo PurchasesActive
JohnDublin2Y
MaryGalway3N
JoeLimerick4N
JimmyKilkenny55Y
JenniferBelfast6N
SusanWaterford3Y
JakeCork1Y
BobbyDundalk11N
SarahSligo9N
CianEnnis8Y
Raw file data that will be imported into the XML file

The THIRD STEP is to create the XML file and populate it with the data from the source file

# This Section outputs the data to an xml file
# Unless you tell it otherwise it saves it to the same folder as the script.
tree = et.ElementTree(root) ==> The variable tree is to hold all the values of "root"
et.indent(tree, space="\t", level=0) ===> This just formats in a way that the XML is readable
tree.write('output.xml', encoding="utf-8") ==> The data is saved to an XML file

The XML output should look like the below

<root>
	<ExportData>
		<Name>John</Name>
		<Area>Dublin</Area>
		<NoPurchases>2</NoPurchases>
		<Active>Y</Active>
	</ExportData>
	<ExportData>
		<Name>Mary</Name>
		<Area>Galway</Area>
		<NoPurchases>3</NoPurchases>
		<Active>N</Active>
	</ExportData>
	<ExportData>
		<Name>Joe</Name>
		<Area>Limerick</Area>
		<NoPurchases>4</NoPurchases>
		<Active>N</Active>
	</ExportData>
	<ExportData>
		<Name>Jimmy</Name>
		<Area>Kilkenny</Area>
		<NoPurchases>55</NoPurchases>
		<Active>Y</Active>
	</ExportData>
	<ExportData>
		<Name>Jennifer</Name>
		<Area>Belfast</Area>
		<NoPurchases>6</NoPurchases>
		<Active>N</Active>
	</ExportData>
	<ExportData>
		<Name>Susan</Name>
		<Area>Waterford</Area>
		<NoPurchases>3</NoPurchases>
		<Active>Y</Active>
	</ExportData>
	<ExportData>
		<Name>Jake</Name>
		<Area>Cork</Area>
		<NoPurchases>1</NoPurchases>
		<Active>Y</Active>
	</ExportData>
	<ExportData>
		<Name>Bobby</Name>
		<Area>Dundalk</Area>
		<NoPurchases>11</NoPurchases>
		<Active>N</Active>
	</ExportData>
	<ExportData>
		<Name>Sarah</Name>
		<Area>Sligo</Area>
		<NoPurchases>9</NoPurchases>
		<Active>N</Active>
	</ExportData>
	<ExportData>
		<Name>Cian</Name>
		<Area>Ennis</Area>
		<NoPurchases>8</NoPurchases>
		<Active>Y</Active>
	</ExportData>
</root>

Additional XML data can be added

  1. Add more rows – All you need to do is add onto the source file and save. When you rerun the logic it will read in the extra information.
  2. Add more columns – All you need to do is go to the second step above add in a tag name to SECTION 1. Seperately you will need to add an additional column with data to the source file, and then add that column name to SECTION 2 as well

2 thoughts on “How to Create an XML file from Excel using Python

  • November 15, 2021 at 8:51 am
    Permalink

    One of the best and easy way to convert xlsx or .csv file into xml. I have been looking for this for over a week and am so thankful sir for this easy to understand video. You have explained it using an example and this makes it all the more useful for beginners. Looking forward to learn more xml tutorial on your channel and this website.

    Thanks

    Reply
    • November 17, 2021 at 10:08 pm
      Permalink

      Hi Thank you so much for your comment and feedback, it is really appreciated 🙂 I’ll look to do more soon around XML.

      Data analytics Ireland

      Reply

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